Function of the Brain
The brain is an organ that controls everything that your body does. It is the center of your nervous system, and is close to the sensory organs. It is responsible for your senses, emotions or thoughts, balance and posture, recognition of certain things, movement, communication, and many other things.
Parts of the Brain
There are three main parts of the brain: the cerebrum, the brainstem, and the cerebellum. The cerebrum is the biggest and main part of your brain. It is divided into four smaller parts, called lobes, each responsible for different things. The brainstem is the part of the brain which is connected to the spinal cord, and is located at the bottom of the brain. The cerebellum is a part of the brain that is located behind the brainstem(looking at the brain from the front).
The cerebrum is divided into four lobes: the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe, and the parietal lobe.
The Frontal Lobe
The frontal lobe is responsible for your emotions, logical reasoning and planning, movement, and parts of speech. It is located at the front of the brain.
The Parietal Lobe
The parietal lobe is responsible for processing nerve impulses related to pain, pressure, and the 5 senses. It is located at the top part of the brain, right behind the frontal lobe.
The Occipital Lobe
The occipital lobe is responsible for sight and the recognition of objects. It is located at the back of the brain.
The Temporal Lobe
The temporal lobe is responsible for memory, speech, hearing, and the perception and recognition of those things. It is located in the middle of the brain; under the frontal and parietal lobes, and in front of the occipital lobe.
The brainstem is located at the bottom of the brain, and is connected to the spinal cord. The brainstem controls the flow of messages from your body(via spinal cord) to your brain. It also controls breathing, swallowing, heart rate, blood pressure, and sleepiness.
The cerebellum is located right behind the brainstem. Information from sensory systems and the spinal cord go to the cerebellum. The cerebellum uses this information to ensure posture, balance, coordination, and speech.